Wednesday, February 17, 2016

Location and Spatial setting of India For SSC CGL Exams Study Materials

Hi Friends, In this post, we shall discuss some basics of Geography for upcoming SSC CGL 2016
exam. In this post, we are going to focus on the locational and spatial setting of India.

  1. India – A sub – Continent, Unity in Diversity, Diversity in Unity 
  2. India is located in – Northern hemisphere
  3. Name India derived from – Indus or Sindhu river
  4. India’s total geographical area – 3.28 million sq km (32,87,263 sq km)
  5. India’s place in the world – 7th in Area
  6. India – North to South distance – 3214 km's
  7. India – East to West distance – 2933 km's
  8. Standard meridian of India – 82˚ 30′ E
  9. India North Latitudes – Between 8˚ 4′ and 37˚ 6′
  10. East Longitudes – Between 68˚ 7′ and 97˚ 25′
  11. India’s land frontier – 15,200 km's
  12. India’s coastline – 7516.6 km's
  13. I.S.T – Indian Standard Time
  14. The time difference between I.S.T and Greenwich Mean Time – 5 1/2 hours
  15. First Sun rises at – Arunachal Pradesh
  16. Last Sun rises at – Gujarat
  17. The time difference between Arunachal Pradesh and Gujarat – 2 hours
  18. Total number of Islands – 247
  19. Tear drop in the India Ocean – Srilanka
  20. The Island between India and Srilanka – Pamban Island
  21. Srilanka is separated by – Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait
  22. The biggest state in area – Rajasthan
  23. The smallest state in area – Goa
  24. The biggest union territory – Andaman and Nicobar
  25. The smallest union territory – Lakshadweep
  26. The Andaman and Nicobar islands – Volcanic origin
  27. The Lakshadweep Islands – Coral Origin
  28. The Indian Island closest to the equator – Great Nicobar
  29. Stands on three seas – Tamilnadu
  30. The Himalayan Kingdom – Nepal
  31. Total Number of states and Union Territories – 29, 7
  32. The boundary line between India and China – Mac Mohan Line
  33. The country closest to Lakshadweep – Maldives
  34. Large border country to India – Bangladesh
  35. The roof of the world – Tibet
  36. India’s South Tip – Cape Camorin

Length of Boundary Line of India with other countries

  • Bangladesh – 4096 km's
  • China – 3917 km's
  • Pakistan – 3310 km's
  • Nepal – 1752 km's
  • Myanmar – 1458 km's
  • Bhutan – 587 km's
  • Afghanistan – 80 km's

India as a Subcontinent

Diversified Physiographic Conditions

  • Himalayas
  • Indo genetic plain
  • Peninsular plateau
  • Dry desert sand
  • Coastal plains

Population :

  •  1.21 billion

 Languages :

  •  Recognized Languages: 22

Different Cultures:

  • Aryan
  • Dravidian

Main Religions :

  • Hinduism
  • Islam
  • Christianity
  • Buddhism
  • Jainism
  • Sikhism

Rivers :

  • Ganga
  • Brahmaputra
  • Godavari
  • Krishna

Vegetative Conditions :

  • Animal production
  • Crop paddy, wheat
  • Mineral Production : Iron, Manganese

Soils :

  • Alluvial Soil
  • Mountainous Soil
  • Black Soil
  • Red Soil
  • Desert Soils
  • Laterite Soil

Climate : 

  • Tropical
  • Monsoon

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