Wednesday, December 2, 2015

Government Initiatives : Women & Child Welfare

Janani Suraksha Yojana

JSY is a safe motherhood intervention under the National Rural Health Mission (NHM). It is being implemented with the objective of reducing maternal and neonatal mortality by promoting institutional delivery among poor pregnant women. Janani Suraksha Yojana was launched in April 2005 by modifying the National Maternity Benefit Scheme (NMBS).

The initiative entitles all pregnant women delivering in public health institutions to absolutely free and no expense delivery, including caesarean section. The entitlements include free drugs and consumables, free diet up to 3 days during normal delivery and up to 7 days for C-section, free diagnostics, and free blood wherever required.
JSY is a 100% centrally sponsored scheme.  the states where there is a low rate of Institutional deliveries is classified as 'Low Performing States(LPS)' (the states of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Assam, Rajasthan, Orissa and Jammu and Kashmir), whereas the remaining states are termed as High Performing States(HPS). Cash benefits to them are as under:

Rural Area
Category Mother's package ASHA's package Total Package(in Rs.)
LPS 1400 600 2000
HPS 700 600 1300

Urban Area
Category Mother's package ASHA's package Total Package(in Rs.)
LPS 1000 400 1400
HPS 600 400 1000

Accredited social health activists (ASHAs) is community health workers instituted by the government of India's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) as part of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM)
Government of India has also launched Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakaram (JSSK) on 1st June, 2011.
Which Entitles free treatment for pregnant women and Sick newborns till 30 days after birth.

Ujjawala Scheme

The objective of the scheme is to prevent trafficking of women and children for commercial sexual exploitation through social mobilization and involvement of local communities, awareness generation programmes.

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) Scheme / Education for All Movement

Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is Government of India's flagship programme for achievement of Universalization of Elementary Education (UEE) in a time bound manner, as mandated by 86th amendment to the Constitution of India making free and compulsory Education to the Children of 6-14 years age group, a Fundamental Right.

SSA is being implemented in partnership with State Governments to cover the entire country and address the needs of 192 million children in 1.1 million habitations. The programme seeks to open new schools in those habitations which do not have schooling facilities and strengthen existing school infrastructure through provision of additional class rooms, toilets, drinking water, maintenance grant and school improvement grants.

SSA has a special focus on girl's education and children with special needs. SSA also seeks to provide computer education to bridge the digital divide. The Right to Education Act (RTE) came into force on 1 April 2010. Some educationists and policy makers believe that, with the passing of this act, SSA has acquired the necessary legal force for its implementation

Support to Training and Employment Programme for Women (STEP)

STEP scheme aims to increase the self-reliance and autonomy of women by enhancing their productivity and enabling them to take up income generaion activities.
 It provides training for skill upgraduation to poor and assetless women in the traditional sector  for income generation. Sectors include agriculture, animal husbandry, dairying, fisheries, handlooms, handicrafts,khadi and village industries sericulture, social forestry and wasteland development. 90% of the project cost is given by central Govt. of India and 10% to be borne by the implementing agency

Swadhar Scheme – For Women in Difficult Circumstances

Swadhar is a scheme for providing holistic and integrated services to women  in difficult circumstances such as destitute widows, women prisoners released from jail and without family support, women survivors of  natural disasters; trafficked women/girls  rescued from brothels or other places or victims of sexual crime, mentally challenged women who are without any support etc.  The package  of services made available include provision for food, clothing, shelter, health care, counselling and legal support, social and economic rehabilitation.

The scheme is implemented through voluntary organisations including Department of Women and Child Development and Social Welfare, Boards, State Women's Development Corporation, urban bodies etc., provided they have the required experience and expertise in the rehabilitation of such women.

Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS)

Integrated Child Protection Scheme (ICPS) is a centrally sponsored scheme aimed at building a protective environment for children in difficult circumstances, as well as other vulnerable children, through Government-Civil Society Partnership. ICPS brings together multiple existing child protection schemes of the Ministry  under one comprehensive umbrella, and integrates additional interventions for protecting children and preventing harm.

The specific objectives ICPS scheme are:
- To strengthen child protection at family and community level
- To coordinate and network with government institutions and non-government institutions to ensure effective implementation of the scheme
- To raise public awareness about child rights, child vulnerability and child protection services.

Sabla - Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG)

Sabla is a centrally sponsored program of Government of India initiated on April 1, 2011 under Ministry of Women and Child Development. Sabla is centrally sponsored scheme, implemented through the State Governments/UTs with 100% financial assistance from the Central Government for all inputs, except nutrition provision for which Government of India will share upto the extent of 50% of the financial norms or the actual expenditure incurred, whichever is less.

The program would cover adolescent girls 11–18 years old under all ICDS projects in selected 200 districts in all states/UTs in the country. The target group would be subdivided into 11-15 and 15–18 years.

The objectives of Sabla scheme are:
- Enable the Adolescent girls for self-development and empowerment
- Improve their nutrition and health status.
- Promote awareness about health, hygiene, nutrition, adolescent reproductive and sexual health (ARSH) and family and child care.
- Upgrade home-based skills, life skills and integrate with the National Skill Development Program (NSDP) for vocational skills.
- Mainstream out of school adolescent girls into formal/non formal education.
- Provide information/guidance about existing public services such as PHC, CHC, Post Office, Bank, Police Station, etc.

Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY)

Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY),Conditional Maternity Benefit (CMB) for pregnant and lactating  women to improve their health and nutrition status to better enabling environment by providing cash incentives to pregnant and nursing mothers. It is a conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above for first two live births. It provides a partial wage compensation to women for wage-loss during childbirth and childcare and to provide conditions for safe delivery and good nutrition and feeding practices.

In 2013, the scheme was brought under National Food Security Act, 2013 to implement the provision of cash maternity benefit of Rs. 6000 stated in the Act. Presently, the scheme is implemented on a pilot basis in 53 selected districts and proposals are under consideration to scale it up to 200 additional 'high burden districts' in 2015-16

Also Refer to our article in same category of Schemes Launched By PM Modi to read
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme,  Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana

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