Sunday, November 29, 2015

Government Programmes OR Schemes: Agriculture Related (With PDF)

1. AgriClinic or AgriBusiness Centre

AgriClinic or AgriBusiness Centre (ACABC) by Ministry of Agriculture, in association with NABARD, is a unique programme to take better methods of farming to each and every farmer across the country.
This programme aims to tap the expertise available in the large pool of Agriculture Graduates. Irrespective of whether you are a fresh graduate or not, or whether you are currently employed or not, you can set up your own AgriClinic or AgriBusiness Centre and offer professional extension services to innumerable farmers.

Committed to this programme, the Government is now also providing start-up training to graduates in Agriculture, or any subject allied to Agriculture like Horticulture, Sericulture, Veterinary Sciences, Forestry, Dairy, Poultry Farming, and Fisheries, etc. Those completing the training can apply for special start-up loans for the venture. Agribusiness Centres would provide paid services for the enhancement of agriculture production  and income of farmers. Centres would need to advise farmers on crop selection, best farm practices, post-harvest value-added options, key agricultural information.

2. National Mission on Micro Irrigation  (NMMI)

NMMI was launched as a Mission from June 2010. NMMI would boost converge of micro irrigation activities under major government programmes  for increasing water use efficiency, crop productivity and farmers income. Various related govt programmes are National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil palm & Maize (ISOPOM), Technology Mission on Cotton (TMC) etc.

In the case of drip irrigation, the assistance will be limited to 50% of the cost of the System for the specified crop spacing and for the area covered under the crop by the farmer. The Scheme will cover all categories of farmers irrespective of the size of land holding. At least 25% of the beneficiaries should be Small & Marginal farmers. The Panchayati Raj Institution (PRI) will be involved while selecting the beneficiaries.

3. National Agriculture Insurance Scheme (NAIS) OR Rashtriya Krishi Bima Yojana(RKBY). 

The government of India introduced the scheme from Rabi 1999-2000 season to protect the farmers against losses suffered by them due to crop failure on account of natural calamities. The scheme is currently implemented by Agriculture Insurance Company of India (AICIL).

NAIS was introduced in 1999-2000, a new scheme titled “National Agricultural Insurance Scheme” (NAIS) or “Rashtriya Krishi Bima Yojana” (RKBY). NAIS envisages coverage of all food crops (cereals and pulses), oilseeds, horticultural and commercial crops. It covers all farmers, both loanees and non-loanees, under the scheme.

The premium rates vary from 1.5 percent to 3.5 percent of sum assured for food crops. In the case of horticultural and commercial crops, actuarial rates are charged. Small and marginal farmers are entitled to a subsidy of 50 percent of the premium charged- the subsidy is shared equally between the Government of India and the States. there is a funding pattern of 50:50 sharing basis between central and state government.

4. Coconut Palm Insurance Scheme 

Coconut cultivation subjected to risks from climatic changes, natural disasters, pests, diseases etc. and at times, entire coconut cultivation of a region gets wiped out due to natural calamity or onset of pest attack.  since National Agricultural Scheme (NAIS) for insurance of cereals, millets, pulses, oilseeds, and Horticultural crops.
Premium is Rs. 9 per year for a palm of age between 4 to 15 years while that is Rs. 14 per palm for palms of age group 16 to 60 years. 50 percentage premium subsidy by the Coconut Development board, 25 percentage premium subsidy by the state Government and the balance 25 percentage to be borne by the farmers.

5. National Livestock Mission

NLM launched in FY 2014-15 shall ensure quantitative and qualitative improvement in livestock production systems and capacity building of all stakeholders.  The Sub-Mission under NLM on Fodder and Feed Development will try to address the problems of scarcity of animal feed resources.
The mission is designed to cover all the activities required to ensure quantitative and qualitative improvement in livestock production systems and capacity building of all stakeholder.

Note: Livestock is domesticated animals raised in an agricultural setting to produce commodities such as food, fiber and labor. e.g cow, sheep,  poultry, farmed fish.

6. Livestock Insurance Scheme

Aims to provide a protection mechanism to the farmers and cattle rearers against any eventual loss of their animals due to death and to demonstrate the benefit of the insurance of livestock to the people and popularize it with the ultimate goal of attaining qualitative improvement in livestock and their products.
The scheme is sponsored by Central Government.

7. National Crop Insurance Programme

National Crop Insurance Programme’ (NCIP) has been introduced by merging Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS), Weather Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS) and Coconut Palm Insurance Scheme (CPIS) throughout the country from Rabi 2013-14. Administrative Approval for implementing NCIP from Rabi 2013-14 has been issued on 1st November 2013. NCIP has been introduced to provide financial support to the farmers for losses in their crop yield, to help in maintaining flow of agricultural credit, to encourage farmers to adopt progressive farming practices and higher technology in Agriculture

8. Gramin Bhandaran/Godown Scheme

Gramin Bhandaran Yojana or Rural Godown Scheme is for creating scientific storage capacity in the rural areas for storing farm produce, thereby prevent distress sale of produce by the farmers after harvest, by promoting pledge financing and marketing credit. The godown can be constructed / located in any area outside the limits of a Municipal Corporation area. Rural godowns located in Food Parks promoted by Ministry of Food Processing Industries are also eligible.

Depending on the project cost. Maximum Project cost will be Rs 3000/- to 4000/- per tonne capacity for construction and Rs 750/ per tonne for renovation

NABARD is providing back-end subsidy for the projects financed by the Banks, depending on the location and capacity of the godowns Bank will finance up to 75 % of the Project cost and up to 80% in NE states and hilly areas and SC/ST. The loan should be repaid in 11 years, with a grace period of one year. The subsidy will be adjusted/ credited as the final installments.

Also,  read Soil Health Card Scheme By clicking the below link.

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