Sunday, November 29, 2015

Government Initiatives & Schemes For Rural Developement (With PDF)

1. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana

DDUGJY was launched on 3rd December 2014. The aim of this programme was to separate Agriculture and Non-Agriculture Electricity (Feeder). After separation, villages can be provided uninterrupted electricity for a maximum time of day. Another goal of the programme was to strengthen and augment the sub-transmission and distribution infrastructure rural areas. This scheme is mainly designed to provide continuous power supply to rural India.

2. Bharat Nirman

It is and business plan for the development of rural infrastructure in India. I will work in the areas of irrigation, rural housing, rural water supply, rural electrification and rural telecommunication facility. Availability of safe drinking water is also a priority in Bharat Nirman. There is also plan for developing houses for poor in rural areas. Initially, the scheme targeted 60 lakh additional houses to be constructed for the poor within the year 2009, but now the plan was extended to 2014 and the targeted house to be constructed was increased to 1.2 crores.

The plans suggest constructing all-weather roads by the year 2012 in order to connect all the villages of India having a minimum population of 500 ( 250 in the case of hilly or tribal areas). The plan aims to provide electricity to every village by the year 2012. The plan aims to provide an additional one crore hectare of irrigational land by the year 2012.

4. Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan

Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA) was previously called Total Sanitation campaign (TSC). It is a program based on the principles of community-led total sanitation (CLTS). It was initiated by Government of India in 1999. The goal of the scheme is to construct Individual House Hold Latrines for all Below Poverty Line (BPL) Households and Above Poverty Line Households (APL) restricted to SCs/STs, small and marginal farmers, landless labourers with homestead, physically handicapped and women headed households. The plan also has a provision of sanitation facilities in Government Schools and Anganwadis in Government buildings.

The campaigning ambassador for Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan is Vidya Balan. GOI gives 10000 rupees to every family to construct a toilet. Effective 1 April 2012, the Total Sanitation campaign (TSC) was renamed to Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan (NBA). On 2 October 2014 the campaign was relaunched as Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Mission).

5. Provision of Urban Amenities to Rural Areas (PURA)

PURA is a strategy for rural development in India. The concept was given by former president Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam and was discussed in his book "Target 3 Billion". PURA proposes that urban infrastructure and services be provided in rural hubs to create economic opportunities outside of cities. Mission & Vision of PURA is to bring together the experience & expertise of both public & private players to achieve the objectives which are proposed to be achieved under the framework of PPP between Gram Panchayats and private sector partner.

6. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana

Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) is a nationwide plan in India to provide good all-weather road connectivity to unconnected villages. This Centrally Sponsored PMGSY Scheme was introduced in 2000 by the then Prime Minister Of India Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee. It is under the authority of the Ministry of Rural Development and was begun on 25 December 2000.

PMGSY will permit the upgradation (to the prescribed standards) of the existing roads in those districts where all the eligible habitations of the designated population size have been provided all-weather road connectivity. It is fully funded by the central government.

7. Swarnajayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna (SGSY)

SGSY / Aajeevika Scheme is a major ongoing scheme that was launched in April 1999. This is a holistic programme covering all aspects of self-employment such as the organisation of the poor into self-help groups, training, credit, technology, infrastructure and marketing.

Objective: The objective of SGSY is to provide sustainable income to the rural poor. SGSY help poor rural families cross the poverty line by assisting them to take up income generating activities through a mix of bank credit and government subsidy. The scheme involves selection of key activities, planning of activity clusters, an organisation of poor into Self Help Groups (SHGs) and building their capacities through skill development.

Scope: This programme covers families below poverty line in rural areas of the country. Within this target group, special safeguards have been provided by reserving 50% of benefits for SCs/STs, 40% for women and 3% for physically handicapped persons. Subject to the availability of the funds, it is proposed to cover 30% of the rural poor in each block in the next 5 years.

Funding: SGSY is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme and funding is shared by the Central and State Governments in the ratio of 75:25 respectively.

Strategy: SGSY is a Credit-cum-Subsidy programme. It covers all aspects of self-employment, such as the organisation of the poor into self-help groups, training, credit technology, infrastructure and marketing. Efforts would be made to involve women members in each self-help group.

8. Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (Universal Rural Employment Programme)

on 15 August 2001, the then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee announced a new wage employment programme, the Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana. The scheme was subsequently launched on 25 September 2001. SGRY was launched on 25 September 2001 by merging the provisions of Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS) and Jawahar Gram Samridhi Yojana (JGSY)

The scheme has special provisions for women, scheduled castes, scheduled tribes and parents of children withdrawn from hazardous occupations. While preference if given to families BPL, people who live above poverty line (APL) too are eligible under this scheme.
Funding is shared between the centre and the states in the 75–25 ratio. Food grains are, however, provided free of cost by the Central government, but the cost of transportation should be borne by the states. The programme is implemented by the District Panchayats, Intermediate Panchayats and Gram Panchayats. The Gram Panchayats commence their work based on the approval of the Gram Sabha.

9. Rural Self Employment Training Institute (RSETI)

A new initiative has been taken up for setting up RSETI in each district of the country for basic and skill development training of rural BPL youth to enable them to undertake micro enterprises and wage employment.  These are promoted and managed by banks with active cooperation from state governments. RSETI concept is based on RUDSETI (Rural Development and Self Employment Training Institute), a society established jointly by three agencies i.e. Syndicate Bank, Canara Bank and Sri Manjunatheswara Trust based at Ujire in Karnataka. One RSETI is established in every district in the country. The concerned bank is the lead bank in the district takes responsibility for creating and managing it. The government of India will provide one - time grant assistance, upto a maximum of Rs. 1 crore for meeting the expenditure on construction of the building and other infrastructure. After successful completion of the training, they will be provided with credit linkage assistance by the banks to start their own entrepreneurial ventures.

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